Published in: Holistic Approach Environ. 7(2017) 1, pp. 38 – 57
Paper reference number: HAE-129
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Ljerka Slokar*, Josip Pranjić*, Andreja Carek**

* Faculty of Metallurgy, University of Zagreb, Sisak, Croatia

** School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia



Dentistry as a branch of medicine has an important role in the health of the human, while applying new technologies the maintaining of oral health is much more effective. For that purpose many dental products are used, such as crowns, bridges, implants, which are made of various metallic materials the mostly by casting or forging. They have to possess an adequate properties among which a biocompatibility, hardness and strength are the most important. Metal as an individual element with its properties does not meet certain conditions, therefore, the process of alloying results in different alloys that may be applied in oral environment. The most common classification of metallic materials for use in dentistry divides them in: noble and non-noble alloys and dental amalgames. Further, development of new technologies provides a new metallic materials with more adequate properties. Among them, titanium and titanium-based alloys stand out as materials of future in dentistry. Also, progress in computer technology results in faster production of economic dental products of much more quality.

Keywords: metallic materials, dentistry, structure, properties