Professional paper
Published in: Holistic Approach Environ. 3(2013) 3, pp. 180 – 184
Paper reference number: HAE-38
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A. Antony Ravindran*

* V. O. Chidambaram College, Department of Geology, Thoothukudi, India



The focus of this paper is to investigate the environmental ecosystem in Thoothukudi district. The study area is the small and large scale industrial city of Tamilndu. Chemical industry and power plant and marine fishing affect the ecosystem of the study area. Airborne emissions emitted from various industries are the cause of major concern. These emissions are of two forms such as, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and gaseous emission of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide. The emission of industrial and petrochemical ozone layer occurs in the part of stratosphere at 10 – 50 km above the surface. The chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) process reducing the ocean layer thickness then allows the UV from the sun to affect human beings and ecosystem on the surface.  The ozone absorbs the UV radiation without itself being consumed and the UV light converts into heat due to the industrial pollution. In that case, there are increases of temperature with altitude because of by chemical factories.  So that, giving inversion layer that traps molecules in the troposphere. The industrial pollution caused by chemicals, power and atomic waste used to affect the ecosystem in the industrial city of Thoothukudi.

Keywords: industry, pollution, environment, ozone, ecosystem