Original scientific paper
Published in: Holistic Approach Environ. 14(2024) 3, pp. 91 – 100
Paper reference number: HAE-2345
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Prajkta Shahaji Sarkale*, Sanjivani Tanaji Chougale*, Aasawari Suhas Jadhav*

* Shivaji University, Department of Environmental Science, Maharashtra, Kolhapur, India



Advanced oxidation processes are low-cost, highly efficient, and eco-friendly technologies in the removal of organic pollutants in wastewater using hydroxyl radicals for oxidation. Hydroxyl radicals possess high oxidation potential and can react with organic compounds, resulting in the complete mineralization of these compounds into carbon dioxide, water, and inorganic salt or their conversion into other compounds. The present investigation deals with the removal of tetracycline from water using simulated ultraviolet radiation and hydrogen peroxide, assessing the effect of operational parameters like the solution’s initial pH, retention time, hydrogen peroxide dosage in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal from the standard aqueous solution of tetracycline. Results indicate that alkaline conditions and larger hydrogen peroxide dosage negatively affect the degradation. The removal efficiency of 68 % was achieved at 150 min of batch reaction under optimum conditions: pH = 4, and a dose of hydrogen peroxide of 0.3 ml per 100 ml of the solution to be treated. At optimum conditions, LC-MS/MS (liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry) analysis results showed a reduction in initial concentration of aqueous solution of tetracycline. Photocatalytic degradation followed pseudo-first-order kinetics with the rate constant (k) of 0.0061 min-1. Photocatalysis based on hydrogen peroxide is effective in the degradation of tetracycline in an aqueous solution and can be applied as a pretreatment of hospital wastewater containing tetracycline residues.

Keywords: organic contaminant, tetracycline, AOP, COD
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