Original scientific paper
Published in: Holistic Approach Environ. 14(2024) 2, pp. 40 – 48
Paper reference number: HAE-2327
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Laxmi Narayan Gupta*, **, Sameer Arora*, Mukesh Kumar Ahirwar***, Amar Prakash Pandey***, Anand Bhushan Khare***, Ghan Shyam Gupta**

* Central Pollution Control Board, Parivesh Bhawan, New Delhi, India

** Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya, Faculty of Science and Environment, Department of Energy and Environment, Pollution Research Laboratory, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India

*** Government Post Graduate College, Department of Chemistry, Tikamgarh, Madhya Pradesh, India



Surface water and groundwater are primary resources for communities living in arid and semi-arid regions. The expansion of industrial and agricultural practices has raised pressure on natural resources. Water quality assessment provides valuable information about potential of resources for intended uses. The correlation study was carried out on the physicochemical parameters of surface water and groundwater in the Tikamgarh city. The physicochemical parameters, such as pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness (TH), calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), total alkalinity (TA), sulphate (SO42-), fluoride (F), iron (Fe), nitrate (NO3), chloride (Cl) and turbidity were analysed to determine correlation between parameters. The grab sampling technique was adopted to collect water samples from selected dug wells and reservoirs. The results of physicochemical parameters were fitted in the correlation coefficient equation to predict probable values of different parameters for selected locations. Results of the correlation study showed that calcium and TH are strongly correlated, followed by TH with chloride. However, Ca2+, TH, Cl, TA, TDS, SO42-, and iron show a high correlation. The findings show that water quality can be managed by controlling TH and TDS concentrations through conventional and non-conventional treatment methods.

Keywords: correlation, surface water and groundwater, Tikamgarh city, water quality
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